Building Team Chemistry: The Bigger Picture Behind Cows & Climate
Animal Biology Graduate Student, UC Davis
Year Awarded 2022
FFAR award amount $5,000,000
Total award amount $15,000,000
Location Columbus, OH
Matching Funders Bayer U.S. – Crop ScienceCorteva, Cotton Incorporated, FONTAGRO,Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture,Michigan State University, Microsoft, Ohio Corn & Wheat, Ohio Soybean Council, Kansas Corn,Kansas State University, National Sorghum Producers, Sandia National Laboratories,The Ohio State University, United Sorghum Checkoff Program, Utah Department of Agriculture & Food, Utah State University, the U.S. Geological Survey and the USDA Agricultural Research Service.
Current knowledge on carbon farming is primarily based either on simulation modelling or on data from a limited number of field experiments. Additionally, knowledge gaps exist on how projected climate extremes will impact soil organic carbon sequestration, crop productivity, agricultural greenhouse gas emissions and soil health across diverse landscapes.
The disruption by climate change is the most urgent challenge to global food systems and agriculture. Enhancing soil organic carbon (SOC) stocks on croplands, grasslands and rangelands is an important strategy that can help mitigate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and improve land and production system resiliency at the same time.Allison Thomson
AgMission Program Director
Increasing carbon sequestration on depleted and degraded agricultural lands can help improve our soil and food system while restoring the environment. This project is providing the needed tools and data to help farms across the United States and around the world reach their full potential as a carbon sink. Additionally, this research helps position agriculture as a climate change solution while also advancing the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals.
Carbon farming optimizes carbon capture by implementing practices that are known to improve the rate at which carbon dioxide is removed from the atmosphere and stored in plant material or soil organic matter.
This study is focusing on field research in specific geographies of the United States: the Midwest, the Plains, the West and the southeastern US. The Ohio State University researchers and collaborating institutions are collecting on-farm data from croplands, grasslands and rangelands. On-farm research offers the opportunity to study the impacts on soil organ carbon from fully implemented systems in terms of scale, adoption of management approaches and constraints faced by farm managers, growers and ranchers.
The resulting output will be anonymized on-farm data from soil organic carbon-enhancing practices using a process that calculates a unique baseline for different geographies.
This project will generate much needed knowledge on how to strengthen the adoption of soil organic carbon-enhancing practices by farmers and ranchers, and how to increase the recognition of the importance of those practices by the private sector, policy makers and the general public.
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