Grants Management Team
This opportunity is now closed
Key Dates & Important Information
The SMART Broiler initiative is broken out into two distinct phases:
Phase I: Early Testing and Refinement
Phase I provided initial funding to six winners to explore potential technologies and monitoring methods
Phase II: Validation of Welfare Assessment Tools
In Phase II, we anticipate awarding grants designed to refine and validate the most promising technologies from Phase I.
- Maximum Request: $1,000,000
- Phase I Report Due Date: June 2021
- Anticipated Renewal Start Date: July 2021
- Duration: 18 months
Supporting the Following Grants
- Marian Dawkins is testing a camera/computer system called OpticFlock to monitor broiler chicken welfare.
- Niamh O’Connell is developing a vision-based system to track broiler chickens’ behavior.
- Ingrid de Jong is using a camera-based system and artificial intelligence to record broiler chicken behavior.
- Lasse Lorenzen’s camera technology and image analysis is monitoring commercial flocks’ welfare assessments and estimating walking ability.
- Hao Gan is using cameras to monitor commercial broilers and measure walking ability and activity level.
- Tom Darbonne and Dr. Brandon Carroll are developing audio-based monitoring tools that alert farmers to broiler welfare and behavior.
About SMART Broiler
Poultry welfare is critical to chicken production. Healthy chickens have the highest feed efficiency, are more productive and profitable and are better for the environment.
Existing methods for assessing animal welfare rely on human observation and subjective scoring. Technologies that automatically collect quantitative data on commercial farms, with 25,000-50,000 birds per house, can help producers significantly improve animal welfare. The commercial broiler industry annually raises billions of chickens specifically for meat. Given the size and scale of these facilities, the potential impact of these technologies on animal welfare cannot be overstated.
We teamed up with McDonald’s Corporation to develop and commercialize automated monitoring tools that objectively assess broiler chickens’ welfare. This research aims to identify Sensors, Monitoring, Analysis and Reporting Technologies (SMART) solutions that provide objective and comprehensive information about broiler welfare across the supply chain.
SMART Broiler is offering multiple grants totaling $4 million to the individual or group who successfully develops technologies that objectively assess welfare indicators in commercial broiler chicken facilities.
SMART Broiler Request for Applications
- What is the SMART Broiler Program?
SMART Broiler is a global research collaboration initiative between the Foundation for Food & Agriculture Research (FFAR) and the McDonald’s Corporation that seeks to transform broiler (meat) chicken animal health and welfare and production by offering a minimum of $4 million for research that will accelerate the development and adoption of automated monitoring technologies. These technologies will assist producers in monitoring, measuring, improving and documenting animal welfare and will improve producer efficiency and profitability on a global scale.
SMART Broiler will support cross-disciplinary teams as they develop, validate and deploy technologies to capture key welfare indicators in commercial broiler chicken facilities. The anticipated outcomes include externally validated tools for poultry producers, integrators and other supply chain partners to objectively verify on-farm welfare in commercial production facilities anywhere in the world.
- Why do we need the SMART Broiler program?
The rapidly developing field of precision agriculture encompasses innovative technologies such as sensors, robotics, thermal imaging, digital cameras, predictive analytics and other technologies currently utilized in other business sectors. These technologies offer new opportunities for real-time monitoring and measurement of animal activities/behaviors leading to improved management of animals, providing producers with the critical information needed to improve on-farm outcomes. While hardware capable of capturing a variety of indicators has become readily available, there has been little advancement in the use of these technologies at the farm level able to demonstrate on-farm animal welfare. The development of automated tools for welfare monitoring would improve the accuracy of welfare assessments, enable benchmarking for reporting and continuous improvement, reduce labor costs associated with current welfare monitoring methods and could enhance producer viability through promoting more sustainable outcomes by improving efficiency in animal performance, product quality, quantity, food-safety, etc.
Many existing animal welfare standards focus on resource base, prescriptive production parameters such as access to food and water, genetics, space per animal, lighting, temperature and other environmental conditions. These parameters can be extremely important to ensuring animal wellbeing. However, given that the end-goal is animal-level or outcome-based improvements, it is critical to develop objective, animal-based assessments. There is a major need for commercially feasible tools that enable real-time, quantitative assessment of behavior, health and wellbeing in large-scale poultry facilities.
In October 2017, McDonald’s announced 8 specific welfare commitments for the improved health and welfare of broiler chickens in their supply chain. These global commitments are consistent with McDonald’s decade’s long dedication to the health and welfare of animals in its supply chain. The commitment centers on an animal outcomes approach to measuring and improving key welfare indicators (KWIs). These KWI’s provide a comprehensive assessment of animal health and welfare regardless of a production system or geographic location. By measuring and aggregating KWI outcomes, McDonald’s will identify areas of opportunity and set improvement targets, the outcomes of which will be used to inform the development of McDonald’s future global welfare policies and provide transparency through reporting.
FFAR supports innovative science that includes strategic approaches to improving animal productivity, health and welfare. Automated animal monitoring tools provide the opportunity to improve animal health and welfare, food production, environmental stewardship, address on-farm labor shortages and enhance the transparency and economic sustainability of the animal agriculture enterprise.
- What are the objectives of the SMART Broiler program?
The goal of this program is to support the identification, development and commercialization of innovative tools for automated and quantitative assessment of key welfare indicators (KWIs), on-farm in broiler chickens. Focused attention will be given to technologies that can quantify the following KWIs:
- Gait score/walking ability and leg health
- Expression of natural behaviors and activities, including individual or flock movement patterns
The tool must be accurate and by the end of the project timeline, must be piloted in commercial production facility within the McDonald’s supply chain in two locations (1) in the U.S. and (2) in Europe.
We encourage applicants to develop the needed partnerships to conduct this study. Access to research sites within the McDonald’s supply chain will be provided to selected applicants.
Applicants must be willing to work collaboratively across teams and technologies during the program if requested.
- Am I eligible to apply?
Any domestic or international public or private institution, consortium, non-profit organization, for-profit company, tribal government entity, or any combination of the above is eligible to apply.
- What research areas are supported?
This program will support research to rapidly develop hardware components, data management and analytics necessary to achieve the stated Objectives. Approaches may include any reasonable combination of audio or video, thermal imaging, robotics, artificial intelligence/machine learning, or other sensors and technologies.
This program will not support the development or identification of environmental sensors for measuring temperature, humidity, volatile chemicals, other non-animal-based measures, water or feed equipment, transportation conditions, enrichment devices, manual welfare assessment protocols, etc.*
*Existing sensors could be incorporated as part of the SMART research effort, as long as the proposal includes the KWI’s mentioned as the primary focus.
- What is the timeline for awards?
FFAR and McDonald’s anticipate awarding a minimum of $4 million dollars total under this program. Matching funds are not required.
Phase I: Early testing and refinement.
- Objective: Explore potential technologies and monitoring methods.
- Number of Anticipated Awards: 1-4
- Maximum Request per Proposal: $500,000
- Pre-Proposal Due Date: May 29, 2019
- Selected Full Proposals Invited: July 5, 2019
- Invited Full Proposals Due Date: September 5, 2019
- Anticipated Project Start Date: January 2020
- Phase I Duration: 18 months
- Indirect Expenses: A maximum of 10% of the total award may be used for indirect costs. FFAR’s indirect cost allotment is not an indirect cost rate applied to the total modified direct costs but instead, it is an overall allotment from the Total Funds Request, also known as the Total Project Costs, to be used for IDC. This means 90% of the total funds requested must go directly to the proposed research. So, if you request the maximum, the total direct cost available to the project is $500,000 -10% = $450,000.00.
Phase II: A subset of teams will be selected to further refine and validate their welfare assessment tools, possible in collaboration with each other. Phase II funding is in addition to the previous awards and depends upon demonstrated progress in Phase I and submission of a new work plan.
- Objective: Refinement and large-scale validation of most promising technologies
- Number of Anticipated Awards: 2
- Maximum Request: $1,000,000
- Phase I Report Due Date: June 2021
- Anticipated Renewal Start Date: July 2021
- Duration: 18 months
- Indirect Expenses: A maximum of 10% of the total award may be used for indirect costs. FFAR’s indirect cost allotment is not an indirect cost rate applied to the total modified direct costs but instead it is an overall allotment from the Total Funds Request, also known as the Total Project Costs, to be used for IDC. This means 90% of the total funds requested must go directly to the proposed research. So, if you request the maximum, the total direct cost available to the project is $400,000 ÷1.111 = $360,000.00.
- April 3, 2019: Funding Opportunity Announcement. Application Package Available at https://grants.foundationfar.org/
- May 29, 2019. 3:00 PM (EDT): Pre-proposal Submission Deadline
- September 5, 2019. 3:00 PM (EDT): Invited Full Proposals Deadline
- November – December 2019: Applicants Notified and Awards Made
- January 2020: Anticipated Phase I Project Start Date
- Phase II will start in mid-2021
- This is a renewal, dependent upon progress in Phase I.
- How do I apply?
SMART Broiler applications must be completed and submitted through FFAR’s online grant management system. Only applications submitted through this portal will be considered eligible for evaluation. FFAR will not accept applications submitted by any other medium.
- What is the review process for Phase I?
Submitted full and pre-proposals will undergo review using a two-stage peer-review process: (1) Internal review and (2) Poultry Welfare Steering Committee review. In the first stage, applications will be evaluated by a combination of FFAR and McDonald’s staff, with advising from independent, scientific experts as necessary. Application pre-proposals judged to be most meritorious will be invited to submit a full proposal. Full proposals will be evaluated by a group of independent subject-matter experts that are required to read and acknowledge acceptance of policies consistent with FFAR’s Conflict of Interest Policy and Non-Disclosure Agreement. We make reasonable efforts to ensure that proposals are not assigned to reviewers with a real or apparent conflict with the applicant or project personnel. Reviewers with a conflict of interest are recused from evaluating or participating in the discussions of proposals with which they have a conflict. Each stage of the review is conducted confidentially and as such, FFAR and McDonald’s are responsible for protecting the confidentiality of the contents of the applications.
Applications recommended for funding by the Steering Committee will go to the FFAR Scientific Program Director and the McDonald’s Manager of Animal Welfare and Agriculture to consider program priorities and available funding.
Full proposals are evaluated based on scored primary review criteria and unscored secondary review criteria. The bullets listed under the criterion below may serve as examples and guidelines to applicants and serve as guidelines to applicants when writing their proposals and as a guideline to reviewers on what to consider when judging proposals. The bullets are illustrative and not intended to be comprehensive. Reviewers will evaluate and score each primary criterion and subsequently assign a global score that reflects an overall assessment of the application. The overall assessment will not be an average score of the individual criterions; rather, it will reflect the reviewers’ overall impression of the application. Evaluation of the scientific merit of each application is within the sole discretion of the peer reviewers and they may raise additional factors to consider that are not covered in the bullets for each criterion.
The following guidelines are illustrative of the merit-based review process (Weighting of criteria is provided as a general guideline).
- 1. Scientific innovation (approximately 25%).
Applications should describe a highly innovative scientific concept that differs from existing approaches to addressing the challenge of quantitative assessment of key welfare indicators. For the purposes of this program, KWIs should include:
- Broiler chicken behavior and activity at the aggregate/flock level
- Broiler chicken leg condition via gait scoring at the aggregate/flock level
The tool should be accurate when applied to poultry throughout the grow-out period.
Approaches that do not fit this RFP will not be considered for Phase I funding. Preference will be given to approaches that may be equally effective across poultry breeds and facilities.
- 2. Methods for Proof of Concept (approximately 25%).
Scientific methods must be clearly elucidated, including an explanation of how the chosen approach may be more successful than existing methods. Applications should include detailed plans for the development, proof-of-concept and validation of the given technology. Applicants must outline plans to validate their technology in a commercial facility in the U.S. and Europe*. Preference will be given to collaborations and documented partnerships that strengthen the capacity to carry out the goals or implementation of the project. Preliminary data are encouraged but not required.
*Applicants that do not have ready access to commercial sites will still be considered for funding and must be able to work with a commercial poultry supplier as assigned.
- 3. Impact (approximately 25%).
Applications should include preliminary evidence or theoretical estimates of the accuracy, efficacy, costs and production efficiencies gained. Potential pitfalls should be identified and a clear plan to overcome them should be described.
- 4. Feasibility and Timeline (approximately 25%).
Applicants will describe the potential for successful completion of the research project, potential pitfalls and the expertise of the groups/individuals involved in the study. Previous successes in the proposed area of research, including grants, publications, patents or other accomplishments, will be viewed favorably. The research environment (facilities, equipment and institutional/corporate support) should be appropriate to conduct and implement the research. Expected milestones and outputs should be described.
- What is the review process for Phase II?
Phase II is the continuation/renewal of Phase I. Phase II will involve further development and validation of a working solution. Criteria for evaluation will be provided to the research team prior to the completion of Phase I.
- What are the Terms and Conditions for a grant agreement?
Every Grant Agreement is unique to the project. However, the Foundation for Food & Agriculture Research expects applicants to have reviewed the sample Grant Agreement prior to applying to ensure applicants are aware of the applicable terms under which the grant is offered. FFAR will only entertain potential modifications to the Grant Agreement under the most exceptional circumstances. Successful applicants are strongly encouraged to sign the Grant Agreement as presented.
While all teams are expected to publish data and results from their project, specific inventions, discoveries, or other intellectual property shall remain the property of the grantee. In addition, grantees who intend to develop technologies resulting from the award for commercial sale must not grant exclusive licenses for Project Results (or any technologies resulting or derived from Project Results) to any end-users in a manner that would prohibit the applicable technologies from being broadly accessible to end-users.