Fast Tracking Climate Solutions from Global Germplasm Banks

Generating Next Generation Crops Solutions

Program Contract

Dr. Jeff Rosichan
jrosichan@foundationfar.org

CGIAR

Year Awarded   2021

Matching Funders   Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

  • Next Generation Crops

Preventing Food Insecurity

The most dangerous impact of climate change is the disruption of global agriculture and food systems through disasters such as drought, heat and flooding. These disruptions, including decreased agricultural production and reduced harvests, are hardest on the approximately half a billion smallholder farmers living on less than two dollars a day.

Individual farms, including smallholder farms, make up a majority of the world’s farmers and producers. Losses on these farms due to climate change have a ripple effect on the global food supply, increasing food costs and worsening food insecurity and malnutrition.

Equipping farmers with crops that can withstand environmental extremes is essential. CGIAR, the world’s largest public-sector agriculture research partnership, holds around 10 percent of the worldwide germplasm (seeds and other genetic material) in banks across the globe. This rich supply of germplasm is key to developing new crop varieties adapted to the stresses of climate change, and scientists have already developed critical traits using them. However, climate-adaptive breeding has been inefficient, costly and underleveraged.

This initiative, led by CGIAR, advances transformative approaches to expand the use of genetic diversity from germplasm banks, ultimately developing new climate-smart crop varieties for millions of smallholder farmers worldwide.

Why this research is important

The development and cultivation of new crop varieties that stabilize and improve productivity during increasingly volatile cropping seasons are critical to helping farmers adapt to climate change. The benefits of this initiative include:

  • Climate-resilient crops decrease loss and increase profit for farmers, in particular smallholder farmers lacking the funds and technology to respond to climate disruptions.
  • A steady and reliable supply of improved crop varieties secures the harvest and reduces food insecurity for consumers.
  • Newly developed varieties may also be more nutritious, lowering rates of malnutrition.
  • Researchers and breeders have access to new tools and knowledge that adapt crops to humanity’s needs.

Details About this Research

This initiative expands CGIAR and other organizations’ crop improvement research by strengthening the identification of high-value genetic diversity from germplasm collections and more efficiently leveraging this diversity to develop new varieties of climate-resilient crops.

This research was included in the Agriculture Innovation Mission for Climate’s (AIM for Climate) announcement at the UN Conference of the Parties (COP26) to accelerate support for existing climate-smart agriculture research and innovation. AIM for Climate is a joint initiative between the United States and the United Arab Emirates. By increasing and accelerating investment in climate-smart agriculture and food systems innovation, AIM for Climate is addressing the climate crisis.

Objectives

  • Develop innovative technologies to identify new genetic variations of high potential value for farmers.
  • Apply efficient, accelerated techniques to incorporate this genetic variation into semi-elite, pre-varieties.
  • Provide breeders globally with these raw ingredients, enriched with novel diversity for climate-adaptive traits, to develop future varieties that are nutritious, high-yielding, disease and pest-tolerant and resilient to challenges from the changing climate.

How This Research Contributes to Our Missions

We support pioneering science to provide everyone access to affordable, nutritious food grown on thriving farms. This research provides farmers with key resources to mitigate the impacts of climate shocks, benefiting the lives and livelihoods of millions of farmers and consumers globally.

Want to do more to support our pioneering research?

Subscribe to our newsletter for the latest updates.