Precision Indoor Plants (PIP) is a public-private partnership created by the Foundation for Food and Agriculture Research (FFAR) to produce new flavorful, nutritious crops specially intended for indoor agriculture. By focusing on innovative science and technology, the consortium’s research efforts will increase our ability to produce crops that are high-value, of consistent quality, and desired by consumers. Ultimately, PIP can help food producers grow flavorful, nutritious food indoors.


The future of food production faces numerous challenges, including climate change, shifts in consumer demands, and the need for food production in new frontiers. Food production methods must adapt to these changes. One promising food production approach is controlled environment agriculture (CEA).

Worldwide, interest in and funding for CEA and indoor agriculture is booming. CEA offers unprecedented opportunities to improve nutritional content and flavor, crop quality, and production of potentially lucrative phytochemicals. Currently, this interest and investment are largely focused on engineering production systems and energy costs. Yet, one important input in these systems is surprisingly ignored—the plants themselves. Many of the crops grown in CEA have been developed over thousands of years for outdoor production. FFAR is launching PIP to accelerate the development of crops specifically intended for indoor agriculture.

Realizing the potential for indoor agriculture systems can only be achieved by developing a broader variety of crops designed for CEA.


A world where nutritious food is sustainably grown irrespective of geography or climate.

Knowledge gained from the Precision Indoor Plants Consortium will advance indoor agriculture and science as a whole, explain how plants adapt to indoor environments, and enhance our ability to grow crops that use resources more efficiently, are more flavorful, and more nutritious in a variety of environments.


FFAR established the PIP collaborative to leverage knowledge and resources to accelerating the development of crops intended thrive in controlled environment agriculture.

PIP will advance crop science by focusing on problems largely underfunded or overlooked in crops sciences, including nutrition and taste. By controlling most inputs during crop development, we will explore how the combination of environmental inputs and genetic control give rise to desired phenotypes, whether these phenotypes are related to crop stature or controlling the phytochemicals a crop can produce. To achieve this, we will incorporate a variety of cutting-edge methods to achieve our goals, including advancements in artificial intelligence, phenomics, and computational modeling.
PIP’s research has implications for a wide variety of agricultural environments, including growing crops in space. Growing crops in space faces numerous challenges; however, increasing nutrient content and yields, growing crops with less energy, and understanding how crops perform best in CEAs are applicable to agricultural environments on Earth and in space. PIP is expanding the potential for growing crops in any environment.

PIP’s Research Focus

PIP will revolutionize the production of nutritious foods that can be grown indoors, and ultimately any environment, anywhere.

Initial projects focus on:

  • Crops including blueberries, cilantro, lettuce, strawberry, and tomato

  • Optimizing plant architecture for controlled environments

  • Advancing speed breeding technology

  • Altering chemical produced in plants that impact flavor, nutrition, and medicines

  • Developing new technologies to quickly detect specific chemicals without harming the plant

The PIP collaborative is a mechanism for leveraging private-sector investments in developing crops specifically for indoor agriculture. As a collaborative, the participants will set scientific goals and pool resources to fund the research needed to achieve these ambitious scientific goals. PIP welcomes new participants interested in joining PIP or co-funding individual projects.



Data Analysis

Plant Architecture


The PIP collaborative convenes global leaders who are changing the way crops are produced. The diverse array of participants represents many aspects of the indoor agriculture industry, including seed companies, technological companies, and indoor agriculture producers. The initial participants include: AeroFarms, BASF, Benson Hill Biosystems, and the Foundation for Food and Agriculture Research


Grow with Us

Contact us to learn more about PIP or to request more information on becoming a potential participant.

Join the FFAR mailing list to stay informed of future opportunities and research developments.
Contact Us


John Reich

Scientific Program Director


Kashyap Choksi, Ph.D.

Director of Scientific Partnerships

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Overcoming Water Scarcity

Overcoming Water Scarcity


Agriculture uses 70 percent of the world’s accessible freshwater. FFAR’s 2016-2018 Overcoming Water Scarcity Challenge Area addressed water use efficiency in agriculture by developing water conservation and reuse technologies, improving crop and livestock breeds, creating improved agronomic practices, increasing the social and economic tractability of conservation practices and enhancing the efficacy of Extension services.

FFAR’s Sustainable Water Management Challenge Area builds on earlier work to increase water availability and water efficiency for agricultural use, reduces agricultural water pollution and develops water reuse technologies.

Healthy Soils, Thriving Farms

Healthy Soils, Thriving Farms


FFAR’s 2016-2018 Healthy Soils, Thriving Farms Challenge Area increased soil health by building knowledge, fueling innovation, and enabling adoption of existing or new innovative practices that improve soil health.

The Soil Health Challenge Area advances existing research and identifies linkages between farm productivity and soil health, while also addressing barriers to the adoption of soil health practices.

Protein Challenge

Protein Challenge


FFAR’s 2016-2018 Protein Challenge Area sought to improve the environmental, economic and social sustainability of diverse proteins.

The Advance Animal Systems challenge area supports sustainable animal production through environmentally sound productions practices and advancement in animal health and welfare. Additionally, the Next Generation Crops Challenge Area develops non-traditional crops, including plant-based proteins, and creates new economic opportunities for conventional crops to increase future crop diversity and farm profitability.

Food Waste and Loss

Food Waste and Loss


About 40 percent of food in the US, or $161 billion each year, is lost or wasted. FFAR’s 2016-2018 Food and Waste Loss Challenge Area addressed the social, economic and environmental impacts from food waste and loss through research that developed of novel uses for agricultural waste, improved storage and distribution, supported tracking and monitoring, minimized spoilage through pre- and post-harvest innovations and changed behaviors to reduce food waste

FFAR’s current Health-Agriculture Nexus Challenge Area addresses food waste and loss and supports innovative, systems-level approaches to reduce food and nutritional insecurity and improve human health in the US and globally.

Forging the Innovation Pathway to Sustainability


Supporting innovation is necessary for sustainable results. Over the last 50 years, farmers have tripled global food production thanks to agricultural innovations. Forging the Innovation Pathway to Sustainability was a 2016-2018 Challenge Area that focused on understanding the barriers and processes that prevented the adoption of technology and research results into sustainable practices.

Urban Food Systems

Urban Food Systems


The 2016-2018 Urban Food Systems Challenge Area addressed feeding urban populations through urban and peri-urban agriculture and augmenting the capabilities of our current food system.

The Urban Food Systems Challenge Area continues this work and enhances our ability to feed urban populations.

Making My Plate Your Plate


FFAR’s 2016-2018 Making My Plate Your Plate Challenge Area focused on helping Americans meet the USDA 2015 Dietary Guideline recommendations for fruit and vegetable consumption, including research to both produce and provide access to nutritious fruits and vegetables.

FFAR’s current Health-Agriculture Nexus Challenge Area supports innovative, systems-level approaches to reduce food and nutritional insecurity and improve human health in the US and globally.